Dumaguete, officially the City of Dumaguete, is a city in the Philippine province of Negros Oriental. It is the capital, principal seaport, and largest city of the province. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 120,883 people. The city is nicknamed The City of Gentle People.
Dumaguete is referred to as a university town because of the presence of four universities and a number of other colleges where students of the province converge to enroll for tertiary education. The city is also a popular educational destination for students of surrounding provinces and cities in Visayas and Mindanao. The city is best known for Silliman University, the country’s first Protestant university and the first American university in Asia. There are also 18 public elementary schools and 8 public high schools. The city’s student population is estimated at 30,000.
The city attracts a considerable number of foreign tourists, particularly Europeans, because of easy ferry access from Cebu City, the availability of beach resorts and dive sites, and the attraction of dolphin and whale watching in nearby Bais City.
The power source of the city comes from the geothermal power plant in Palinpinon, Valencia. The city has redundant fiber optic lines and is a focal point for telecommunications. It is the landing point for fiber optic cables linking it to Manila, the capital of the Philippines, the cities south of Luzon, as well as to other major cities in southern Philippines.
The City has a land area of 3,362 hectares (8,310 acres), situated on the plains of the southeastern coast of Negros Island near the mouth of the Banica River. Of the province’s 19 municipalities and 6 cities, Dumaguete is the smallest in terms of land area. It is bounded on the north by the Municipality of Sibulan; on the south by the Municipality of Bacong; and on the west by the Municipality of Valencia. As a coastal city, it is bounded on the east by the Bohol Sea and the Tañon Strait, serving as a natural border to the neighboring provinces of Cebu, Bohol, and Siquijor.
The city’s topography is generally flat from two to six kilometers from the shoreline. It slopes gently upwards to the adjoining municipality of Valencia. The highest ground elevation is located at the boundary of the municipality of Valencia, about one hundred meters above mean sea level. About 93% of the land have slopes of less than 3%. The remaining areas have 3% to 5% slope.
Tourism, the academe, BPO and technology-related activities and the retail industries are the major sources of income for the city. BPOs and IT firms, as well as retailing, are the fastest rising industries.
Hotel and Tourism
Data from the Department of Tourism show that Dumaguete and Negros Oriental are among the top ten most visited tourist destinations in the country. Tourists visit popular sites such as the Rizal Boulevard, Silliman Hall, and Campañario de Dumaguete which is considered as one of the oldest heritage landmarks of Central Visayas
Business Process Outsourcing
Dumaguete’s diversified outsourcing industry services range from call centers, publishing, medical transcription, animation, editing, and architectural outsourcing. With more than a dozen IT and BPO locators, Dumaguete City is becoming one of the preferred Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) and Information Technology (IT) hubs of the Philippines.
Malls and shopping centers in Dumaguete include the Robinsons Place Dumaguete.